Hyperactivation of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) contributes to primary breast cancer development, but the role of the IGF-IR in tumor metastasis is unclear. Here we studied the effects of the IGF-IR on intercellular connections mediated by the major epithelial adhesion protein, E-cadherin (E-cad). We found that IGF-IR overexpression markedly stimulated aggregation in E-cad-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells, but not in E-cad-negative MDA-MB-231 cells. However,when the IGF-IR and E-cad were co-expressed in MDA-MB-231 cells, cell-cell adhesion was substantially increased. The IGF-IR-dependent cell-cell adhesion of MCF-7 cells was not related to altered expression of E-cad or alpha-, beta-, or gamma-catenins but coincided with the up-regulation of another element of the E-cad complex, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1). ZO-1 expression (mRNA and protein) was induced by IGF-I and was blocked in MCF-7 cells with a tyrosine kinase-defective IGF-IR mutant. By co-immunoprecipitation, we found that ZO-1 associates with the E-cad complex and the IGF-IR. High levels of ZO-1 coincided with an increased IGF-IR/beta-catenin/ZO- 1-binding and improved ZO-1/actin association, whereas down-regulation of ZO-1 by the expression of an anti- ZO-1 RNA inhibited IGF-IR-dependent cell-cell adhesion. The results suggested that one of the mechanisms by which the activated IGF-IR regulates E-cad-mediated cell-cell adhesion is overexpression of ZO-1 and the resulting stronger connections between the E-cad complex and the actin cytoskeleton. We hypothesize that in E-cad-positive cells, the IGF-IR may produce antimetastatic effects.

IGF-I receptor-induced cell-cell adhesion of MCF-7 breast cancer cells requires the expression of junction protein ZO-1

MAURO, Loredana;ANDO', Sebastiano;
2001

Abstract

Hyperactivation of the insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) contributes to primary breast cancer development, but the role of the IGF-IR in tumor metastasis is unclear. Here we studied the effects of the IGF-IR on intercellular connections mediated by the major epithelial adhesion protein, E-cadherin (E-cad). We found that IGF-IR overexpression markedly stimulated aggregation in E-cad-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells, but not in E-cad-negative MDA-MB-231 cells. However,when the IGF-IR and E-cad were co-expressed in MDA-MB-231 cells, cell-cell adhesion was substantially increased. The IGF-IR-dependent cell-cell adhesion of MCF-7 cells was not related to altered expression of E-cad or alpha-, beta-, or gamma-catenins but coincided with the up-regulation of another element of the E-cad complex, zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1). ZO-1 expression (mRNA and protein) was induced by IGF-I and was blocked in MCF-7 cells with a tyrosine kinase-defective IGF-IR mutant. By co-immunoprecipitation, we found that ZO-1 associates with the E-cad complex and the IGF-IR. High levels of ZO-1 coincided with an increased IGF-IR/beta-catenin/ZO- 1-binding and improved ZO-1/actin association, whereas down-regulation of ZO-1 by the expression of an anti- ZO-1 RNA inhibited IGF-IR-dependent cell-cell adhesion. The results suggested that one of the mechanisms by which the activated IGF-IR regulates E-cad-mediated cell-cell adhesion is overexpression of ZO-1 and the resulting stronger connections between the E-cad complex and the actin cytoskeleton. We hypothesize that in E-cad-positive cells, the IGF-IR may produce antimetastatic effects.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/140200
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