Background and Objectives. Fludarabine is an effective therapy for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and interferon-α (IFN-α) has been reported to have anti-leukemic activity in CLL patients. A randomized study was designed to evaluate whether the addition of IFN-α to a first-line treatment with fludarabine and prednisone could increase the response rate in patients with advanced CLL and whether IFN-α given as maintenance therapy could improve the duration of response. Design and Methods. One hundred and thirty-three patients were randomized to receive fludarabine (25 mg/m2/i.v, days 9-13) and prednisone (20 mg/m2, days 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 and 40 mg/m2, days 9-13) (arm A: 66 patients) or in addition to the same schedule, IFN-α (2 MUI/sc, days 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 and 15) (arm B: 67 patients). Seventy-eight patients responsive to therapy entered the post-remission phase of the study in which 41 patients were randomized to receive IFN-α (3 MUI three times a week) and 37 to clinical observation. Results. A similar response rate (complete responses + partial responses) was observed in the 2 arms: 86% for arm A and 84% for arm B (p = 0.4). A longer response duration was observed in patients who achieved a complete response (p = 0.001) and in patients who received maintenance therapy with IFN-α (p < 0.05). However, the quality of response was the only significant and independent factor influencing response duration (p < 0.01). No benefits in terms of infection-related mortality and morbidity could be ascribed to IFN-α administration. Interpretation and Conclusions. In previously untreated CLL patients with advanced disease a high response rate is obtained from first-line fludarabine and prednisone and no benefit is derived from the addition of IFN-α to this regimen. The achievement of a good quality response to therapy was the only independent predictor of a prolonged response.

Fludarabine + prednisone ± α-interferon followed or not by α-interferon maintenance therapy for previously untreated patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia: Long term results of a randomized study

Gentile M.;
2003-01-01

Abstract

Background and Objectives. Fludarabine is an effective therapy for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and interferon-α (IFN-α) has been reported to have anti-leukemic activity in CLL patients. A randomized study was designed to evaluate whether the addition of IFN-α to a first-line treatment with fludarabine and prednisone could increase the response rate in patients with advanced CLL and whether IFN-α given as maintenance therapy could improve the duration of response. Design and Methods. One hundred and thirty-three patients were randomized to receive fludarabine (25 mg/m2/i.v, days 9-13) and prednisone (20 mg/m2, days 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 and 40 mg/m2, days 9-13) (arm A: 66 patients) or in addition to the same schedule, IFN-α (2 MUI/sc, days 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 and 15) (arm B: 67 patients). Seventy-eight patients responsive to therapy entered the post-remission phase of the study in which 41 patients were randomized to receive IFN-α (3 MUI three times a week) and 37 to clinical observation. Results. A similar response rate (complete responses + partial responses) was observed in the 2 arms: 86% for arm A and 84% for arm B (p = 0.4). A longer response duration was observed in patients who achieved a complete response (p = 0.001) and in patients who received maintenance therapy with IFN-α (p < 0.05). However, the quality of response was the only significant and independent factor influencing response duration (p < 0.01). No benefits in terms of infection-related mortality and morbidity could be ascribed to IFN-α administration. Interpretation and Conclusions. In previously untreated CLL patients with advanced disease a high response rate is obtained from first-line fludarabine and prednisone and no benefit is derived from the addition of IFN-α to this regimen. The achievement of a good quality response to therapy was the only independent predictor of a prolonged response.
α-interferon
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
Fludarabine
Treatment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/342970
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