Consistent query answering is a principled approach for querying inconsistent knowledge bases. It relies on the central notion of repair, that is, a maximal consistent subset of the facts in the knowledge base. One drawback of this approach is that entire facts are deleted to resolve inconsistency, even if they may still contain useful “reliable” information. To overcome this limitation, we propose an inconsistency-tolerant semantics for query answering based on a new notion of repair, allowing values within facts to be updated for restoring consistency. This more fine-grained repair primitive allows us to preserve more information in the knowledge base. We also introduce the notion of a universal repair, which is a compact representation of all repairs and can be computed in polynomial time. Then, we show that consistent query answering in our framework is intractable (coNP-complete). In light of this result, we develop a polynomial time approximation algorithm for computing a sound (but possibly incomplete) set of consistent query answers.

Approximate Query Answering over Inconsistent Knowledge Bases

Greco, Sergio;Molinaro, Cristian;Trubitsyna, Irina
2018

Abstract

Consistent query answering is a principled approach for querying inconsistent knowledge bases. It relies on the central notion of repair, that is, a maximal consistent subset of the facts in the knowledge base. One drawback of this approach is that entire facts are deleted to resolve inconsistency, even if they may still contain useful “reliable” information. To overcome this limitation, we propose an inconsistency-tolerant semantics for query answering based on a new notion of repair, allowing values within facts to be updated for restoring consistency. This more fine-grained repair primitive allows us to preserve more information in the knowledge base. We also introduce the notion of a universal repair, which is a compact representation of all repairs and can be computed in polynomial time. Then, we show that consistent query answering in our framework is intractable (coNP-complete). In light of this result, we develop a polynomial time approximation algorithm for computing a sound (but possibly incomplete) set of consistent query answers.
Computer Science (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/289718
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