The low efficacy of Acyclovir topical therapy is due to its physicochemical properties that limit the permeation across the stratum corneum. The goal of this research was to evaluate the ability of biodegradable surfactant, Brij97, to self-assembly in different types of colloid systems which can improve the Acyclovir permeation and accumulation at the target site (the basal epidermis). New Acyclovir formulation based on Brij97 have been analyzed in order to investigate the effect of drug encapsulation on the structure. After that, the in vitro percutaneous permeation of Acyclovir has been compared with that one of the commercial specialty Zovirax ® 5%. To estimate the potential of the new formulations proposed as topical delivery, it has been essential to quantify the Acyclovir in the skin layers. The results confirmed that the self-assembly of the surfactant in different nanosized structures improved the amount of permeated Acyclovir and the formation of intracutaneous drug reservoir. Furthermore, the different lipophilicity and structural organization of carriers based on Brij97 showed different influence on the promotion of permeation. The experimental data suggest that the designed carriers could be a valid alternative to improve the efficacy of the current antiviral therapy.

Different BRIJ97 colloid systems as potential enhancers of acyclovir skin permeation and depot

Mazzotta, Elisabetta;Oliviero Rossi, Cesare;Muzzalupo, Rita
2019

Abstract

The low efficacy of Acyclovir topical therapy is due to its physicochemical properties that limit the permeation across the stratum corneum. The goal of this research was to evaluate the ability of biodegradable surfactant, Brij97, to self-assembly in different types of colloid systems which can improve the Acyclovir permeation and accumulation at the target site (the basal epidermis). New Acyclovir formulation based on Brij97 have been analyzed in order to investigate the effect of drug encapsulation on the structure. After that, the in vitro percutaneous permeation of Acyclovir has been compared with that one of the commercial specialty Zovirax ® 5%. To estimate the potential of the new formulations proposed as topical delivery, it has been essential to quantify the Acyclovir in the skin layers. The results confirmed that the self-assembly of the surfactant in different nanosized structures improved the amount of permeated Acyclovir and the formation of intracutaneous drug reservoir. Furthermore, the different lipophilicity and structural organization of carriers based on Brij97 showed different influence on the promotion of permeation. The experimental data suggest that the designed carriers could be a valid alternative to improve the efficacy of the current antiviral therapy.
Acyclovir; Colloid systems; Drug reservoir; Permeation; Topical therapy; Acyclovir; Animals; Antiviral Agents; Cholesterol; Drug Compounding; Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions; Liposomes; Nanostructures; Permeability; Plant Oils; Polyethylene Glycols; Rabbits; Skin; Skin Absorption; Drug Carriers; Biotechnology; Surfaces and Interfaces; Physical and Theoretical Chemistry; Colloid and Surface Chemistry
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/291211
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