Nowadays, single point incremental forming (SPIF) is a widely studied process and a lot is known about advantages and drawbacks arising from its use in sheet manufacturing. Not homogeneous material thinning along the formed walls is one of the process limitations. If this were reduced, the product quality would benefit with a possible increment of its industrial applications. Furthermore, products in service must resist not homogeneous loads. Therefore, a customized thickness distribution could be useful for a stress homogenization allowing, at the same time, the part weight reduction. The thinning of the sheet in SPIF can be altered using tailored blanks, whose resistance can be modified, appropriately, by changing their thickness by additive, subtractive or forming techniques or by heat treatments, which can affect their microstructures, locally. Implicit 3D numerical simulations have been used to highlight the effects of the proposed idea. Specifically, sheets with weakened zones have been modeled. The tailored sheets have been designed introducing pockets with different size, depth or position on the blank surface. A benchmark shape, i.e. a frustum of a cone, was the manufactured shape. The numerical results proved that the thickness distribution along the formed wall, typically of SPIF, can be altered if the process is performed on a sheet with a not homogeneous strength. Pockets placed, even far from the working area, can affect the sheet formability. This consequence can be exploited to avoid localized thinning or to concentrate the deformation in an area, which will be trimmed out or that will be under load in service. The obtained results must be confirmed for more complex shapes, using also experimental validations, to assess the relevance of this procedure in the improvement of components made by SPIF.

3D numerical analyses of SPIF performed on tailored sheets to control their thinning

Serratore G.;Gagliardi F.;Filice L.;Bentrovato R.;Ambrogio G.
2019

Abstract

Nowadays, single point incremental forming (SPIF) is a widely studied process and a lot is known about advantages and drawbacks arising from its use in sheet manufacturing. Not homogeneous material thinning along the formed walls is one of the process limitations. If this were reduced, the product quality would benefit with a possible increment of its industrial applications. Furthermore, products in service must resist not homogeneous loads. Therefore, a customized thickness distribution could be useful for a stress homogenization allowing, at the same time, the part weight reduction. The thinning of the sheet in SPIF can be altered using tailored blanks, whose resistance can be modified, appropriately, by changing their thickness by additive, subtractive or forming techniques or by heat treatments, which can affect their microstructures, locally. Implicit 3D numerical simulations have been used to highlight the effects of the proposed idea. Specifically, sheets with weakened zones have been modeled. The tailored sheets have been designed introducing pockets with different size, depth or position on the blank surface. A benchmark shape, i.e. a frustum of a cone, was the manufactured shape. The numerical results proved that the thickness distribution along the formed wall, typically of SPIF, can be altered if the process is performed on a sheet with a not homogeneous strength. Pockets placed, even far from the working area, can affect the sheet formability. This consequence can be exploited to avoid localized thinning or to concentrate the deformation in an area, which will be trimmed out or that will be under load in service. The obtained results must be confirmed for more complex shapes, using also experimental validations, to assess the relevance of this procedure in the improvement of components made by SPIF.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/301008
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