In this paper we describe a falls detection and classification algorithm for discriminating falls from daily life activities using a MEMS accelerometer. The algorithm is based on a shallow Neural Network with three hidden layers, used as fall/non fally classifier, trained with daily life activities features and fall features. The novelty of this algorithm is that synthetic falls are generated as multivariate random Gaussian features, so only real daily life features must be collected during some day of normal living. Moreover, the features related to synthetic fall events are generated as complement of normal features. First of all, the features acquired during daily life are clustered by Principal Component Analysis and no Fall activities shall be recorded. The complement set of the normal features is found and used as a mask for Monte Carlo generation of synthetic fall. The two feature sets, namely the features recorded from daily life activities and those artificially generated are used to train the Neural Network. This approach is suitable for a practical utilization of a Neural Network based fall detection characterized by high Recall-Precision rate.

Towards an effective and efficient machine-learning-based framework for supporting event detection in complex environments

Cuzzocrea A.;
2019

Abstract

In this paper we describe a falls detection and classification algorithm for discriminating falls from daily life activities using a MEMS accelerometer. The algorithm is based on a shallow Neural Network with three hidden layers, used as fall/non fally classifier, trained with daily life activities features and fall features. The novelty of this algorithm is that synthetic falls are generated as multivariate random Gaussian features, so only real daily life features must be collected during some day of normal living. Moreover, the features related to synthetic fall events are generated as complement of normal features. First of all, the features acquired during daily life are clustered by Principal Component Analysis and no Fall activities shall be recorded. The complement set of the normal features is found and used as a mask for Monte Carlo generation of synthetic fall. The two feature sets, namely the features recorded from daily life activities and those artificially generated are used to train the Neural Network. This approach is suitable for a practical utilization of a Neural Network based fall detection characterized by high Recall-Precision rate.
978-1-7281-2607-4
Machine Learning
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/312543
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