In June 2018, the Nucleo per gli Interventi di Archeologica Subacquea (NIAS) of the Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro (ISCR), in strict collaboration with the Parco Archeologico dei Campi Flegrei, conducted a set of archaeological surveys and conservation works on two floor mosaics located in the area of the archaeological site of Submerged Baiae. One in the thermal baths located immediately north of the so-called “Villa con ingresso a protiro”, the second located slightly south-west of the Punta Epitaffio. Both mosaics are situated within the area under the jurisdiction of the Submerged archaeological park, in a sector where several underwater trails are already accessible by recreational divers and several others are planned to be established in the near future. The activities on two mosaics have been funded by the project BLUEMED - Plan/test/coordinate Underwater Museums, Diving Parks and Knowledge Awareness Centres in order to support sustainable and responsible tourism development and promote Blue growth in coastal areas and islands of the Mediterranean, and co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund. These are part of the ISCR consolidated efforts towards the monitoring, preservation and restoration of the archaeological remains, conducted in the last fifteen years in Submerged Baiae, testing innovative methodologies and technologies for the preservation of the underwater cultural heritage (Project Restaurare sott’acqua). Possibly dating to the middle imperial age, the first is a bichrome floor mosaic, with black and white tesserae, framed by a monochrome triple band delimitating a representational field with an agonistic subject. Here four male figures are represented, set with black tesserae on a white background. Two of them are athletes who are testing themselves in wrestling, while the other two figures are badly preserved. Holding a branch, one of them could be well identified with the judge/trainer. The portion of the mosaic area brought to the light and completely restored covers a surface area of approximately 12 square meters. It would have been part of a room, perhaps the apodyterium, belonging to one of the two thermal complexes identified along the north-eastern shore of the Baianus lacus. The second, is a polychrome tessellated mosaic with a geometric decorative scheme, composed by octagons aligned to compose a chessboard and equilateral rhombuses filling the spaces between the octagons. The rhombuses are decorated with floral motifs realized with white, black, red, ochre yellow, pink and turquoise tesserae. The equilateral rhombuses appear further subdivided by the only colouring of the tesserae into four rectangular triangles of red, ochre yellow, pink and turquoise. The frame of the mosaic consists of a monochrome quadruple line that frames polychrome rectangular backgrounds repeated cyclically on the perimeter of the mosaic. This polychrome tessellated, in a bad state of preservation – above all due to the disconnections and depressions of the floor level – completely covered an almost square room of 4.30x4.25 m located in an area still little investigated located at about 100 m south-west from the Nymphaeum of Punta Epitaffio. After a brief archaeological overview of the areas of interest, the reflections arising from the analysis of the mosaic floors and the conservative intervention methods adopted will be presented.

Due mosaici di baia sommersa: riflessioni a conclusione degli interventi conservativi in situ

Salvatore Medaglia
;
Roberto Petriaggi;
2020

Abstract

In June 2018, the Nucleo per gli Interventi di Archeologica Subacquea (NIAS) of the Istituto Superiore per la Conservazione ed il Restauro (ISCR), in strict collaboration with the Parco Archeologico dei Campi Flegrei, conducted a set of archaeological surveys and conservation works on two floor mosaics located in the area of the archaeological site of Submerged Baiae. One in the thermal baths located immediately north of the so-called “Villa con ingresso a protiro”, the second located slightly south-west of the Punta Epitaffio. Both mosaics are situated within the area under the jurisdiction of the Submerged archaeological park, in a sector where several underwater trails are already accessible by recreational divers and several others are planned to be established in the near future. The activities on two mosaics have been funded by the project BLUEMED - Plan/test/coordinate Underwater Museums, Diving Parks and Knowledge Awareness Centres in order to support sustainable and responsible tourism development and promote Blue growth in coastal areas and islands of the Mediterranean, and co-funded by the European Regional Development Fund. These are part of the ISCR consolidated efforts towards the monitoring, preservation and restoration of the archaeological remains, conducted in the last fifteen years in Submerged Baiae, testing innovative methodologies and technologies for the preservation of the underwater cultural heritage (Project Restaurare sott’acqua). Possibly dating to the middle imperial age, the first is a bichrome floor mosaic, with black and white tesserae, framed by a monochrome triple band delimitating a representational field with an agonistic subject. Here four male figures are represented, set with black tesserae on a white background. Two of them are athletes who are testing themselves in wrestling, while the other two figures are badly preserved. Holding a branch, one of them could be well identified with the judge/trainer. The portion of the mosaic area brought to the light and completely restored covers a surface area of approximately 12 square meters. It would have been part of a room, perhaps the apodyterium, belonging to one of the two thermal complexes identified along the north-eastern shore of the Baianus lacus. The second, is a polychrome tessellated mosaic with a geometric decorative scheme, composed by octagons aligned to compose a chessboard and equilateral rhombuses filling the spaces between the octagons. The rhombuses are decorated with floral motifs realized with white, black, red, ochre yellow, pink and turquoise tesserae. The equilateral rhombuses appear further subdivided by the only colouring of the tesserae into four rectangular triangles of red, ochre yellow, pink and turquoise. The frame of the mosaic consists of a monochrome quadruple line that frames polychrome rectangular backgrounds repeated cyclically on the perimeter of the mosaic. This polychrome tessellated, in a bad state of preservation – above all due to the disconnections and depressions of the floor level – completely covered an almost square room of 4.30x4.25 m located in an area still little investigated located at about 100 m south-west from the Nymphaeum of Punta Epitaffio. After a brief archaeological overview of the areas of interest, the reflections arising from the analysis of the mosaic floors and the conservative intervention methods adopted will be presented.
978-88-5491-022-5
Baia, mosaics, athlets, geometric pattern
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/332539
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact