The flow field in open channels can be classi fied into different zones according to the velocity distribution. To explore the anisotropic and intermittent behaviour in the turbulent flow layers, an experimental study was performed using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements in a hydraulic flume with rough bed. Speci cally, the analysis has been focused on the two-dimensional (2D) high-order structure functions applied to the velocity data. It is demonstrated that the system spans from large-scale anisotropy, which is induced by the main shear of the boundary layer, to small-scale isotropy. Moreover, it is shown that the intermittency is more pronounced in the near-bed layer, where the flow is more populated by coherent whirling structures. In essence, both anisotropy and intermittency are proved to be important phenomena for natural bed rivers, since they affect the turbulence transport characteristics of the flow.

An experimental study on the anisotropic and intermittent behaviour of a turbulent flow over a rough bed

F. Coscarella
;
N. Penna;S. Servidio;R. Gaudio
2022

Abstract

The flow field in open channels can be classi fied into different zones according to the velocity distribution. To explore the anisotropic and intermittent behaviour in the turbulent flow layers, an experimental study was performed using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurements in a hydraulic flume with rough bed. Speci cally, the analysis has been focused on the two-dimensional (2D) high-order structure functions applied to the velocity data. It is demonstrated that the system spans from large-scale anisotropy, which is induced by the main shear of the boundary layer, to small-scale isotropy. Moreover, it is shown that the intermittency is more pronounced in the near-bed layer, where the flow is more populated by coherent whirling structures. In essence, both anisotropy and intermittency are proved to be important phenomena for natural bed rivers, since they affect the turbulence transport characteristics of the flow.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/336703
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