Extending programming languages with stochastic behaviour such as probabilistic choices or random sampling has a long tradition in computer science. A recent development in this direction is a declarative probabilistic programming language, proposed by Barany et al. in 2017, which operates on standard relational databases. In particular, Barany et al. proposed generative Datalog, a probabilistic extension of Datalog that allows sampling from discrete probability distributions. Intuitively, the output of a generative Datalog program P on an input database D is a probability space over the minimal models of D and P, the so-called possible outcomes. This is a natural generalization of the (deterministic) semantics of Datalog, where the output of a program on a database is their unique minimal model. A natural question to ask is how generative Datalog can be enriched with the useful feature of negation, which in turn leads to a strictly more expressive declarative probabilistic programming language. In particular, the challenging question is how the probabilistic semantics of generative Datalog with negation can be robustly defined. Our goal is to provide an answer to this question by interpreting negation according to the stable model semantics.

Generative Datalog with Stable Negation

Alviano M.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Extending programming languages with stochastic behaviour such as probabilistic choices or random sampling has a long tradition in computer science. A recent development in this direction is a declarative probabilistic programming language, proposed by Barany et al. in 2017, which operates on standard relational databases. In particular, Barany et al. proposed generative Datalog, a probabilistic extension of Datalog that allows sampling from discrete probability distributions. Intuitively, the output of a generative Datalog program P on an input database D is a probability space over the minimal models of D and P, the so-called possible outcomes. This is a natural generalization of the (deterministic) semantics of Datalog, where the output of a program on a database is their unique minimal model. A natural question to ask is how generative Datalog can be enriched with the useful feature of negation, which in turn leads to a strictly more expressive declarative probabilistic programming language. In particular, the challenging question is how the probabilistic semantics of generative Datalog with negation can be robustly defined. Our goal is to provide an answer to this question by interpreting negation according to the stable model semantics.
2023
9798400701276
generative datalog
negation
probabilistic programming
stable model semantics
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/360747
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