Niosomes have shown promise as cheap and chemically stable drug delivery systems. In this paper a novel crown ether amphiphile, 1,16-hexadecanoyl-bis-(2-aminomethyl)-18-crown-6 (Bola A-16), has been synthesized with the aim of developing a long time stable controlled release system. Niosomes have been prepared with different molar ratios of amphiphile and cholesterol and their morphological properties have been determined by quasi-elastic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. The composition of niosomes affects the entrapment efficiency and the release rate of 5-fluorouracil, a well-known antineoplastic molecule. In addition, other two known azacrown ether amphiphiles (4,710.13-pentaoxa-16-aza-cyclooctadecane)-hexadecanedioc acid diamide (Bola D-16) and alpha,omega-(4,7,10,13-pentaoxa-16-aza-cyclooctadecane)hexadecane (Bola C-16), have been synthesized and the obtained vesicles have been characterized for comparison. Furthermore, the release profile of 5-fluorouracil in vitro, from these niosomes, has been studied over a period of 6 h in order to simulate a hematic adsorption.
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