Overexpression of androgen receptor (AR) decreases estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) transactivation, which plays a basic role in hormone-dependent breast cancer. This transcriptional interference can be due to shared coactivators. Here we demonstrated that in MCF-7 cells ARA70, an AR-specific coactivator, interacted with endogenous ERalpha, increasing its transcriptional activity, and it was recruited to the pS2 gene promoter. Moreover, a dominant negative ARA70 down-regulated ERalpha transcriptional activity as well as pS2 mRNA. ARA70 overexpression reversed the AR down-regulatory effect on ERalpha signaling. However, in the presence of a progressive increase of transfected AR, ARA70 switched into enhancing the inhibitory effect of AR on ERalpha signaling. These opposite effects of ARA70 were further evidenced by coimmunoprecipitation assay in MCF-7wt, MCF-7-overexpressing AR, and HeLa cells, exogenously expressing an excess of ERalpha with respect to AR or an excess of AR with respect to ERalpha. Thus, ARA70 is a coactivator for ERalpha and may represent a functional link between ERalpha/AR modulating their cross-talk in models of estrogen signaling in MCF-7 and HeLa cells.
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|Titolo:||Endogenous coactivator ARA70 interacts with estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and modulates the functional ERalpha/androgen receptor interplay in MCF-7 cells|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2005|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|