The catalytic mechanism of dimanganese-containing arginase enzyme has been investigated by DFT calculations. Two exchange-correlation functionals, B3LYP and MPWB1K, have been used to construct the potential energy profiles for the hydrolysis of an arginine substrate performed by an arginase active site model system. Two reaction mechanisms have been investigated, one involving a water molecule (mechanism 1) and the other involving a hydroxide ion (mechanism 2) as nucleophilic agent. Results obtained in the gas phase and in the protein environment have indicated that mechanism 1 involving a water molecule entails structural features as well as an activation energy for the rate-determining step that are inconsistent with experimental data available for the arginase enzyme. On the other hand, when a hydroxide ion is present at the Mn2 site, a lower activation energy and a structural arrangement closer to the experimental indication are obtained.

Determination of the Catalytic Pathway of a Manganese Arginase Enzyme Through Density Functional Investigation

RUSSO, Nino;TOSCANO, Marirosa
2009

Abstract

The catalytic mechanism of dimanganese-containing arginase enzyme has been investigated by DFT calculations. Two exchange-correlation functionals, B3LYP and MPWB1K, have been used to construct the potential energy profiles for the hydrolysis of an arginine substrate performed by an arginase active site model system. Two reaction mechanisms have been investigated, one involving a water molecule (mechanism 1) and the other involving a hydroxide ion (mechanism 2) as nucleophilic agent. Results obtained in the gas phase and in the protein environment have indicated that mechanism 1 involving a water molecule entails structural features as well as an activation energy for the rate-determining step that are inconsistent with experimental data available for the arginase enzyme. On the other hand, when a hydroxide ion is present at the Mn2 site, a lower activation energy and a structural arrangement closer to the experimental indication are obtained.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/124226
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