1. Although cholecystokinin octapeptide sulphate (CCK-8) activates the opioid system of isolated guinea-pig ileum (GPI) whether it activates the mu- or kappa-system, or both, remains unclear. Neither is it known whether CCK-8 influences the withdrawal responses in GPI preparations briefly exposed to opioid agonists. This study was designed to clarify whether CCK-8 activates mu- or kappa-opioid systems or both; and to investigate its effect on the withdrawal contractures in GPI exposed to mu- or kappa-agonists and on the development of tolerance to the withdrawal response. 2. In GPI exposed to CCK-8, the selective kappa-antagonist nor-binaltorphimine elicited contractile responses that were concentration-related to CCK-8 whereas the selective mu-antagonist cyprodime did not. 3. In GPI preparations briefly exposed to the selective mu-agonist, dermorphin, or the selective kappa-agonist, U-50, 488H, and then challenged with naloxone, CCK-8 strongly enhanced the withdrawal contractures. 4. During repeated opioid agonist/CCK-8/opioid antagonist tests tolerance to opioid-induced withdrawal responses did not develop. 5. These results show that CCK-8 preferentially activates the GPI kappa-opioid system and antagonizes the mechanism(s) that control the expression of acute dependence in the GPI.
Interactions between cholecystokinin and opioids in the isolated guinea-pig ileum / Romanelli, L; Amico, Mc; Mattioli, F; Morrone, Luigi Antonio; Valeri, P.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 127(1999), p. 909-18.
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|Titolo:||Interactions between cholecystokinin and opioids in the isolated guinea-pig ileum|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Citazione:||Interactions between cholecystokinin and opioids in the isolated guinea-pig ileum / Romanelli, L; Amico, Mc; Mattioli, F; Morrone, Luigi Antonio; Valeri, P.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0007-1188. - 127(1999), p. 909-18.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|