It has now been established that a large number of man-made and natural chemicals are capable of interfering with the action of natural hormones. In this category ‘‘endocrine disruptors’’ such as the herbicide atrazine, when administered at ecological low doses (1 or 100 mg/kg per day) from gestational day 14 to postnatal day 21, provided a clear dimorphic neurodegenerative pattern in some brain areas of the domestic mouse (Mus musculus). Indeed, the high concentration (100 mg/kg per day) with respect to the low concentration (1 mg/kg per day) induced relevant neuronal damage in extrahypothalamic sites, such as the cortical and striatal areas in both sexes. Marked alterations in other areas, including the hippocampal and hypothalamic nuclei, were mostly typical of the female. At the neuronal level, the neuropeptide somatostatin, specific for the secretion of growth hormone, seemed to be a major target of atrazine effects, as demonstrated by evident subtype2,3,5 receptor mRNA differences of this neuropeptide, at least for the first two subtypes. In particular, a very strong (p < 0.001) upregulation of subtype2 expressing neurons was detected in female hypothalamic areas, specifically the suprachiasmatic nucleus, whereas a similar downregulatory trend was reported for some extrahypothalamic areas such as the striatum. Interestingly, very strong upregulatory and downregulatory actions were detected for neurons expressing subtype3 in male hypothalamic and amygdalar regions and in the cortical and hippocampal areas, respectively. Overall, it appears that these first neurotoxicological effects of atrazine are very likely linked to dimorphic expression patterns of specific somatostatin subtypes in discrete but key hypothalamic and extrahypothalamic areas of Mus musculus.
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|Titolo:||The endocrine disruptor atrazine accounts for a dimorphic somatostatinergic neuronal expression pattern in mice|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Citazione:||The endocrine disruptor atrazine accounts for a dimorphic somatostatinergic neuronal expression pattern in mice / Giusi, G.; Facciolo, Rosa Maria; Canonaco, Marcello; Alleva, E.; Belloni, V.; DESSI' FULGHERI, F.; Santucci, D.. - In: TOXICOLOGICAL SCIENCES. - ISSN 1096-6080. - 89 (1)(2006), pp. 257-264.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|