A synthetic methodology for the specific conversion of primary aromatic amines into their N-monomethyl derivatives under very mild conditions is presented. Anilines are treated with 4-nitrobenzenesulfonyl (nosyl) chloride to generate the corresponding sulfonamides 2 in high yields. The subsequent N-methylation reaction of the sulfonamides 2 with a solution of diazomethane is rapid and quantitative. Removal of the nosyl protecting group is readily carried out using the reagent system mercaptoacetic acid/1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) affording the N-monomethylated aromatic amines 4. The procedure is convenient, efficient, and gives rise to the N-monomethyl-anilines exclusively.

Highly specific N-monomethylation of primary aromatic amines

LEGGIO, Antonella;LIGUORI, Angelo
2006

Abstract

A synthetic methodology for the specific conversion of primary aromatic amines into their N-monomethyl derivatives under very mild conditions is presented. Anilines are treated with 4-nitrobenzenesulfonyl (nosyl) chloride to generate the corresponding sulfonamides 2 in high yields. The subsequent N-methylation reaction of the sulfonamides 2 with a solution of diazomethane is rapid and quantitative. Removal of the nosyl protecting group is readily carried out using the reagent system mercaptoacetic acid/1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) affording the N-monomethylated aromatic amines 4. The procedure is convenient, efficient, and gives rise to the N-monomethyl-anilines exclusively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/124994
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