A model for the calculation of solar heat gain through glazed surfaces, to be used in the simplified calculation of thermal energy requirements in air-conditioned buildings, is proposed. The model uses the effective absorption coefficient of the indoor environment to take into account that the entering energy is in part absorbed by the surfaces of the cavity and in part is dispersed outwards, through the same glazed surfaces. The effective absorption coefficient is calculated by means of a correlation, and is made to depend on the average absorption coefficient of the internal opaque surfaces of the environment, on the glazed fraction and on the transmission coefficient of diffuse radiation of the glazed system. This coefficient permits a more accurate evaluation of solar heat gain through glazed surfaces, obtained adding: the direct optical contribution, produced by solar radiation absorbed by the indoor environment, the direct secondary contribution, produced by external solar radiation absorbed by the glazed surfaces, the indirect secondary contribution, produced by the absorption of reflected radiation exiting the indoor environment. The model, validated by means of comparisons with the TRNSYS 16 code, was used for the verification of the monthly solar heat gain calculation procedure of EN ISO 13790:2008.
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|Titolo:||An accurate calculation model of solar heat gain through glazed surfaces|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|