The random noise of the laser speckle field which develops at the focusing plane of an imaging system, is, by now, efficiently used in several interferometric techniques as an information carrier of the macroscopic wavefront distortion induced by the surface displacement field of the object under investigation. The actual noise in this kind of techniques is represented by the speckle decorrelation at the image plane - i.e. the destruction of the carrier - which may be caused by the modification of the texture surface (e.g. by yielding under a severe stress state), but it is inherently produced by the same displacement field under measurement. In the paper the phenomenon of laser speckle decorrelation is numerically simulated and experimentally investigated with the aim of estimating its sensitivity to local deformation and assessing a possible field of application. Satisfactory results in the field of NDT of multilayer fiber-reinforced composites were obtained by reducing the diaphragm of the lens to increase the sensitivity of the imaging system to speckle decorrelation induced by local deformation; unfortunately this simple approach requires a considerable amount of laser power for illuminating the object. Different aperture shapes were therefore numerically simulated which provided improved efficiency and sensitivity and whereby a semi-quantitative analysis of the displacement field could be experimented.
Laser speckle decorrelation in NDT / Bruno, Luigi; Pagnotta, Leonardo; Poggialini, A.. - In: OPTICS AND LASERS IN ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0143-8166. - 34:1(2000), pp. 55-65.
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|Titolo:||Laser speckle decorrelation in NDT|
POGGIALINI, Andrea (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Citazione:||Laser speckle decorrelation in NDT / Bruno, Luigi; Pagnotta, Leonardo; Poggialini, A.. - In: OPTICS AND LASERS IN ENGINEERING. - ISSN 0143-8166. - 34:1(2000), pp. 55-65.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|