The appearance and the modification of the gill apparatus in Rana dalmatina tadpoles have been described in the different phases of larval development. The morphology and ultrastructure have been studied using light microscopy and both scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The organization of the gills during the initial phases of development (external gills or transient gills) brings to mind the characteristics of Urodela larvae in which the gills appear to consist of three tufts of filaments supported by the gill arches III, IV and V. The cellular composition of the transient gills appears to be extremely simple and the presence of specialized cells is not noted. Basal cells, pavement cells and ciliated cells form the thin mono- or bilayered epithelium. In the persistent gills (or internal gills) of the R. dalmatina tadpole (Orton’s larval type 4) the gill arches carry four rows of gill tufts branching out to the ventral region. Meanwhile, from the dorsal portion of the arch the gill filters present an axial portion from which there is much branching out, which confers a characteristic appearance on this part of the gills. The cellular composition of the gill tufts and of the filters is different: in the gill tufts basal cells, pavement cells, ciliated cells, cubic cells and mitochondriarich cells (MRCs) have been recognized, while in the gill filters the last cellular type does not appear. The MRC has highly variable forms and dimensions and is characterized by the presence of numerous mitochondria in the cytoplasm. Often the MRCs manifest themselves grouped together, in groups of three or more. The pavement cells and the cubic cells demonstrate identical ultrastructural characteristics and have an external surface area characterized by the presence of short superficial microridges and numerous vacuoles in the apical cytoplasm.
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|Titolo:||Ultrastructure and development of the gills in Rana dalmatina (Amphibia, Anura)|
BRUNELLI, Elvira [Project Administration] (Corresponding)
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|