From the aerial parts of Salsola oppositofolia, S. soda and S. tragus an alkaloid extract was obtained and tested to evaluate antioxidant and anti-cholinesterase activities. The in vitro study of the antioxidant activity by the DPPH method revealed a significant activity of Salsola alkaloid extracts with IC50 values ranging from 16.30 μg/mL for S. oppositifolia to 26.17 μg/mL for S. tragus. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activities were evaluated. S. tragus alkaloid extract exerted the highest inhibitory activity against AChE (IC50 of 30.2 μg/mL) and BChE (IC50 of 26.5 μg/mL). Interestingly, S. soda and S. oppositifolia exhibited a selective inhibitory activity against BChE with IC50 values of 34.3 μg/mL and 32.7 μg/mL, respectively. Tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids were identified and quantified by GC/MS analysis.

A Potential Role of Alkaloid Extracts from Salsola Species (Chenopodiaceae) in the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease

TUNDIS, ROSA;CONFORTI, FILOMENA;LOIZZO, Monica Rosa;MARCO BONESI;
2009

Abstract

From the aerial parts of Salsola oppositofolia, S. soda and S. tragus an alkaloid extract was obtained and tested to evaluate antioxidant and anti-cholinesterase activities. The in vitro study of the antioxidant activity by the DPPH method revealed a significant activity of Salsola alkaloid extracts with IC50 values ranging from 16.30 μg/mL for S. oppositifolia to 26.17 μg/mL for S. tragus. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activities were evaluated. S. tragus alkaloid extract exerted the highest inhibitory activity against AChE (IC50 of 30.2 μg/mL) and BChE (IC50 of 26.5 μg/mL). Interestingly, S. soda and S. oppositifolia exhibited a selective inhibitory activity against BChE with IC50 values of 34.3 μg/mL and 32.7 μg/mL, respectively. Tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids were identified and quantified by GC/MS analysis.
Salsola species ; Tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids; Cholinesterase inhibition
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/128556
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