Two Fixed-Size Algorithms were used to investigate natural river networks: the box-counting method and the sand-box method. The first produces good results for non-negative moment orders, q, but suffers from border effects. The second solves border problems and is particularly adapted to negative moment orders, for the reconstruction of the right side of the multifractal spectrum, f(alpha). In the box-counting applications, the influence of the mesh number was investigated in the range 20 to 100, for moment orders from 0 to 10, showing that the error in the assessment of the generalised fractal dimensions is not greater than 3 %. The sand-box method was applied to the river networks for the first time, and the theoretical expression of the information entropy was derived. Results were obtained also for negative moment orders, showing that the analysed river networks are multifractal and non-plane-filling structures. The sand-box method avoids border effects, as verified through an application to a square portion extracted from a river network. Result analysis suggests a dependence of the f(alpha) spectra from the lithologic characteristics of the source rocks.

Multifractal analysis of river networks: sandbox approach

GAUDIO, Roberto;
2004-01-01

Abstract

Two Fixed-Size Algorithms were used to investigate natural river networks: the box-counting method and the sand-box method. The first produces good results for non-negative moment orders, q, but suffers from border effects. The second solves border problems and is particularly adapted to negative moment orders, for the reconstruction of the right side of the multifractal spectrum, f(alpha). In the box-counting applications, the influence of the mesh number was investigated in the range 20 to 100, for moment orders from 0 to 10, showing that the error in the assessment of the generalised fractal dimensions is not greater than 3 %. The sand-box method was applied to the river networks for the first time, and the theoretical expression of the information entropy was derived. Results were obtained also for negative moment orders, showing that the analysed river networks are multifractal and non-plane-filling structures. The sand-box method avoids border effects, as verified through an application to a square portion extracted from a river network. Result analysis suggests a dependence of the f(alpha) spectra from the lithologic characteristics of the source rocks.
River networks; Multifractals; Box-counting algorithms; Sandbox algorithms
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/128986
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