Soil charcoal analysis was performed on soil profiles excavated in the area of Cecita Lake on the SilaMassif (Calabria, southern Italy). Charcoals identification, combined with a good number of radiocarbondating and the pedological analysis of the soils, allowed drawing a detailed history of the Holocenevegetation changes in the area. Five periods characterised by high concentration of radiocarbon dates emirroring increased fire activity e are documented at ca. 10400-9000 BP, 8200-7200 BP, 5100-3700 BP,3300-2400 BP and 600 BP to the present. Furthermore, a severe environmental change took place betweenthe Middle Bronze Age and the Final Bronze Age/Iron Age (ca. 3600 to 3000 BP), when the mixeddeciduous oak-silver fir woodland, which dominated the landscape until the Early Bronze Age, declinedand was substituted by a Calabrian pine forest or by an open landscape. Available climate, pollen andhistorical/archaeological data are taken into account to investigate the possible causes of the detectedenvironmental change and of the periods of increased fire activity. If climate seems to play a role in thefire regime during the first part of the Holocene, human action seems to be the triggering factor in theenvironmental change and the fire regime during the Late Holocene.
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|Titolo:||Holocene mountain forest changes in central Mediterranean: soil charcoal data from the Sila Massif (Calabria, southern Italy)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Citazione:||Holocene mountain forest changes in central Mediterranean: soil charcoal data from the Sila Massif (Calabria, southern Italy) / Moser, D.; Di Pasquale, G.; Scarciglia, Fabio; Nelle, O.. - In: QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 1040-6182. - 457(2017), pp. 113-130.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|