Impaired adult neurogenesis has been observed in several neurodegenerative diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1)-associated dementia (HAD). Here we report that the HIV-envelope glycoprotein gp120, which is associated with HAD pathogenesis, inhibits proliferation of adult neural progenitor cells (aNPCs) in vitro and in vivo in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus of HIV/gp120-transgenic mice. We demonstrate that HIV/gp120 arrests cell-cycle progression of aNPCs at the G1 phase via a cascade consisting of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) --> MAPK-activated protein kinase 2 (a cell-cycle checkpoint kinase) --> Cdc25B/C. Our findings define a molecular mechanism that compromises adult neurogenesis in this neurodegenerative disorder.

HIV/gp120 decreases adult neural progenitor cell proliferation via checkpoint kinase-mediated cell-cycle withdrawal and G1 arrest.

RUSSO, Rossella;
2007

Abstract

Impaired adult neurogenesis has been observed in several neurodegenerative diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1)-associated dementia (HAD). Here we report that the HIV-envelope glycoprotein gp120, which is associated with HAD pathogenesis, inhibits proliferation of adult neural progenitor cells (aNPCs) in vitro and in vivo in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus of HIV/gp120-transgenic mice. We demonstrate that HIV/gp120 arrests cell-cycle progression of aNPCs at the G1 phase via a cascade consisting of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) --> MAPK-activated protein kinase 2 (a cell-cycle checkpoint kinase) --> Cdc25B/C. Our findings define a molecular mechanism that compromises adult neurogenesis in this neurodegenerative disorder.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/132251
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 70
  • Scopus 106
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 92
social impact