An experimental campaign of 21 long duration tests on scouring at complex piers of different configurations was carried out to investigate the effect of pile cap thickness on the temporal evolution of the maximum scour depth and the development of equilibrium conditions. Two test series were carried out with two significantly different pile cap thicknesses over a wide range of pile cap elevations with respect to the expected scour hole and the approach flow depth. In addition, the accuracy of existing methods to calculate the maximum scour depth was evaluated and discussed. The results show that, in general, the thicker the pile cap, the deeper the corresponding scour hole. The increase in scour depth due to the pile cap thickness depends on the distance between the pile cap and the original bed level. The observed maximum scour depth was greater with the thicker pile cap (with respect to the thinner one) when it was entirely immerged into the flow, or partially buried, or totally buried at a small depth from the initial bed level. Depending on the distance between the pile cap and initial bed level, the pile cap thickness may also influence the temporal evolution of the maximum scour depth by increasing or reducing the scouring rate.

Effects of Pile Cap Thickness on the Maximum Scour Depth at a Complex Pier

FERRARO R;GAUDIO, Roberto;
2013

Abstract

An experimental campaign of 21 long duration tests on scouring at complex piers of different configurations was carried out to investigate the effect of pile cap thickness on the temporal evolution of the maximum scour depth and the development of equilibrium conditions. Two test series were carried out with two significantly different pile cap thicknesses over a wide range of pile cap elevations with respect to the expected scour hole and the approach flow depth. In addition, the accuracy of existing methods to calculate the maximum scour depth was evaluated and discussed. The results show that, in general, the thicker the pile cap, the deeper the corresponding scour hole. The increase in scour depth due to the pile cap thickness depends on the distance between the pile cap and the original bed level. The observed maximum scour depth was greater with the thicker pile cap (with respect to the thinner one) when it was entirely immerged into the flow, or partially buried, or totally buried at a small depth from the initial bed level. Depending on the distance between the pile cap and initial bed level, the pile cap thickness may also influence the temporal evolution of the maximum scour depth by increasing or reducing the scouring rate.
Scour; bridges; pile caps; foundations; experimentation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/133614
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