Group theoretical methods, worked out in particular by Mackey and Wigner, allow to attain the explicit Quantum Theory of a free particle through a purely deductive development based on symmetry principles. The extension of these methods to the case of an interacting particle finds a serious obstacle in the loss of the symmetry condition for the transformations of Galilei’s group. The known attempts towards such an extension introduce restrictions which lead to theories empirically too limited. In the present article we show how the difficulties raised by the loss of symmetry can be overcome without the restrictions that affect tha past attempts. According to our results, the different specific forms of the wave equation of an interacting particle are implied by particular first order invariance properties that characterize the interaction with respect to specific sub-groups of galileian transformations. Moreover, the possibility of yet unknown forms of the wave equation is left open.

Group Theoretical Characterization of Wave Equations

NISTICO', Giuseppe Antonio
2017

Abstract

Group theoretical methods, worked out in particular by Mackey and Wigner, allow to attain the explicit Quantum Theory of a free particle through a purely deductive development based on symmetry principles. The extension of these methods to the case of an interacting particle finds a serious obstacle in the loss of the symmetry condition for the transformations of Galilei’s group. The known attempts towards such an extension introduce restrictions which lead to theories empirically too limited. In the present article we show how the difficulties raised by the loss of symmetry can be overcome without the restrictions that affect tha past attempts. According to our results, the different specific forms of the wave equation of an interacting particle are implied by particular first order invariance properties that characterize the interaction with respect to specific sub-groups of galileian transformations. Moreover, the possibility of yet unknown forms of the wave equation is left open.
Quantum theory ; Group theory; Wave equations
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/133844
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