Hyperbolic metamaterials (HMMs) represent a novel class of fascinating anisotropic plasmonic materials, supporting highly confined bulk plasmon polaritons in addition to the surface plasmon polaritons. However, it is very challenging to tailor and excite those modes at optical frequencies using prism coupling technique because of the intrinsic difficulties to engineer non-traditional optical properties using artificial nanostructures and the unavailability of high refractive index prisms for matching the momentum between the incident light and the guided modes. Here, we experimentally demonstrate the excitation of both surface and bulk plasmon polaritons in a HMM through a grating coupling technique of surface plasmon excitation that makes use a hypergrating, which is a combined structure of metallic diffraction grating and HMM. Initially, we propose an optical hyperbolic metamaterial based on Au/TiO2 multilayers and confirm the hyperbolic dispersion, and the presence of high-k modes in the fabricated HMM. Reflection measurements as a function of incident angle and excitation wavelength show the existence of both surface and bulk plasmon polaritons inside the hypergrating. The proposed configuration is expected to find potential applications in bio-chemical sensors, integrated optics and optical sub-wavelength imaging.
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|Titolo:||Experimental demonstration of surface and bulk plasmon polaritons in hypergratings|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2013|
|Citazione:||Experimental demonstration of surface and bulk plasmon polaritons in hypergratings / Sreekanth K., V; DE LUCA, Antonio; Strangi, Giuseppe. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 3(2013).|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|