This study deals with the membrane and interface electrical properties investigation by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The EIS is a powerful technique for characterizing electrical behavior of systems in which coupled electrical processes occur at different rates. A systematic study on the effect of solution concentration, temperature and velocity, on the electrical resistance of anion- and cation- exchange membranes (AEMs and CEMs) and their interfaces (electrical double layer and diffusion boundary layer), was carried out. At the best of our knowledge, for the first time concentrations up to 4 M were used for the study of membranes and interface by EIS.Moreover, Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (PGSE-NMR) technique was used to measure the water self-diffusion coefficients in swelled membrane as a function of the solution concentration and temperature. These measurements gave additional important insights about the effect of the electrolyte solution and fixed charges concentration in membrane, on membrane microstructure and its transport and electrical properties.

Probing membrane and interface properties in concentrated electrolyte solutions

NICOTERA, ISABELLA;SIMARI C;CURCIO, EFREM;
2014

Abstract

This study deals with the membrane and interface electrical properties investigation by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The EIS is a powerful technique for characterizing electrical behavior of systems in which coupled electrical processes occur at different rates. A systematic study on the effect of solution concentration, temperature and velocity, on the electrical resistance of anion- and cation- exchange membranes (AEMs and CEMs) and their interfaces (electrical double layer and diffusion boundary layer), was carried out. At the best of our knowledge, for the first time concentrations up to 4 M were used for the study of membranes and interface by EIS.Moreover, Pulsed Gradient Spin Echo Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (PGSE-NMR) technique was used to measure the water self-diffusion coefficients in swelled membrane as a function of the solution concentration and temperature. These measurements gave additional important insights about the effect of the electrolyte solution and fixed charges concentration in membrane, on membrane microstructure and its transport and electrical properties.
Concentrated electrolyte solution, Impedance, Interface, Ion exchange membrane, PGSE-NMR
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/136439
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