Transient postnatal hypothyroidism male rats induces a prolonged proliferation of immature Sertoli cells. This change in Sertoli cell replication at young ages is coincident with enhanced and prolonged aromatase activity that leads to a marked increase in the conversion of androgens into estrogens. Both events are drastically inhibited by tri-iodothyronine (T-3) replacement either in vivo or in vitro. This study, after the immunolocalization of aromatase ill cultured rat Sertoli cells, examined the effects elicited by T3 on this enzyme, by simultaneously investigating three functional levels of aromatase: mRNA expression, protein content, and enzymatic activity. The immunolocalization of cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450 arom) was shown in the cytoplasm of cultured Sertoli cells from 15- and 21-day-old rats. Western blot analysis revealed an enhancement of aromatase protein content upon stimulation with N-6,2 ' -O-dibutyryladenosine-3 ' :5 ' -cyclic monophosphate ((Bu)(2)cAMP) that was clearly downregulated by T3. The presence of a functional P450 arom protein in purified Sertoli cells was confirmed by the measurement of [H-3]H2O released after incubation with [1 beta-H-3]androst-4-ene-3,17-dione. With 100 nM T3, a decrease in both P450 arom mRNA levels and aromatase activity was observed. The aromatase enzymatic activity was strongly stimulated by (Bu)(2)cAMP and markedly down-regulated by T3. In contrast, the strong increase in aromatase mRNA upon (BU)(2)cAMP stimulation was apparently unaffected by T-3 administration. This paper shows how the identification of an altered transcript induced by T-3 coding for putative truncated and inactive aromatase protein might explain such a decrease in aromatase activity in T-3-treated cells. On the basis of these results, it is concluded that at least two mechanisms could be involved in the down-regulatory effect of T-3 oil aromatase activity in prepuberal Sertoli cells, The first mechanism is linked to a possible direct modulatory. role for T3 ill the regulation of the aromatase promoter, whilst the second one is represented by the induction of altered transcripts coding for truncated and inactive aromatase proteins.

Effects of tri-iodothyronine on alternative splicing events in the coding region of cytochrome P450 aromatase in immature rat Sertoli cells

PEZZI, Vincenzo;PANNO, Maria Luisa;SIRIANNI, Rosa;CASABURI, Ivan;LANZINO M;RAGO V;GIORDANO, Francesca;GIORDANO C;ANDO', Sebastiano
2001-01-01

Abstract

Transient postnatal hypothyroidism male rats induces a prolonged proliferation of immature Sertoli cells. This change in Sertoli cell replication at young ages is coincident with enhanced and prolonged aromatase activity that leads to a marked increase in the conversion of androgens into estrogens. Both events are drastically inhibited by tri-iodothyronine (T-3) replacement either in vivo or in vitro. This study, after the immunolocalization of aromatase ill cultured rat Sertoli cells, examined the effects elicited by T3 on this enzyme, by simultaneously investigating three functional levels of aromatase: mRNA expression, protein content, and enzymatic activity. The immunolocalization of cytochrome P450 aromatase (P450 arom) was shown in the cytoplasm of cultured Sertoli cells from 15- and 21-day-old rats. Western blot analysis revealed an enhancement of aromatase protein content upon stimulation with N-6,2 ' -O-dibutyryladenosine-3 ' :5 ' -cyclic monophosphate ((Bu)(2)cAMP) that was clearly downregulated by T3. The presence of a functional P450 arom protein in purified Sertoli cells was confirmed by the measurement of [H-3]H2O released after incubation with [1 beta-H-3]androst-4-ene-3,17-dione. With 100 nM T3, a decrease in both P450 arom mRNA levels and aromatase activity was observed. The aromatase enzymatic activity was strongly stimulated by (Bu)(2)cAMP and markedly down-regulated by T3. In contrast, the strong increase in aromatase mRNA upon (BU)(2)cAMP stimulation was apparently unaffected by T-3 administration. This paper shows how the identification of an altered transcript induced by T-3 coding for putative truncated and inactive aromatase protein might explain such a decrease in aromatase activity in T-3-treated cells. On the basis of these results, it is concluded that at least two mechanisms could be involved in the down-regulatory effect of T-3 oil aromatase activity in prepuberal Sertoli cells, The first mechanism is linked to a possible direct modulatory. role for T3 ill the regulation of the aromatase promoter, whilst the second one is represented by the induction of altered transcripts coding for truncated and inactive aromatase proteins.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/136514
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