Isoquinoline-4-carboxylic esters 3 and isochromene-4-carboxylic esters 4 have been conveniently prepared by direct PdI2-catalyzed oxidative heterocyclization/alkoxycarbonylation of readily available (2-alkynylbenzylidene)amine derivatives. In particular, (2-alkynylbenzylidene)(tert-butyl)- amines 2 selectively afforded isoquinoline derivatives 3 by N cyclization, whereas N-(2-alkynylbenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazines 5 led to the formation of isochromenes 4 through O-cyclization ensuing from water attack on theimino group of the substrate. Reactions were carried out inalcoholic solvents at 80–100 °C and under 20–80 atm (at25 °C) of a 4:1 mixture of CO/air, in the presence of PdI2 (2– 10 mol-%) in conjunction with KI (KI/PdI2 molar ratio = 10).In the case of imines 2, the use of a dehydration agent, such as trialkyl orthoformate, was necessary to obtain satisfactory yields of isoquinolines 3.
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|Titolo:||Versatile Synthesis of Isoquinolines and Isochromenes by Pd-Catalyzed Oxidative Carbonylation of (2-Alkynyl)benzylideneamine Derivatives|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2011|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|