Isoquinoline-4-carboxylic esters 3 and isochromene-4-carboxylic esters 4 have been conveniently prepared by direct PdI2-catalyzed oxidative heterocyclization/alkoxycarbonylation of readily available (2-alkynylbenzylidene)amine derivatives. In particular, (2-alkynylbenzylidene)(tert-butyl)- amines 2 selectively afforded isoquinoline derivatives 3 by N cyclization, whereas N-(2-alkynylbenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazines 5 led to the formation of isochromenes 4 through O-cyclization ensuing from water attack on theimino group of the substrate. Reactions were carried out inalcoholic solvents at 80–100 °C and under 20–80 atm (at25 °C) of a 4:1 mixture of CO/air, in the presence of PdI2 (2– 10 mol-%) in conjunction with KI (KI/PdI2 molar ratio = 10).In the case of imines 2, the use of a dehydration agent, such as trialkyl orthoformate, was necessary to obtain satisfactory yields of isoquinolines 3.

Versatile Synthesis of Isoquinolines and Isochromenes by Pd-Catalyzed Oxidative Carbonylation of (2-Alkynyl)benzylideneamine Derivatives

GABRIELE, Bartolo;VELTRI, Lucia;MANCUSO R;
2011

Abstract

Isoquinoline-4-carboxylic esters 3 and isochromene-4-carboxylic esters 4 have been conveniently prepared by direct PdI2-catalyzed oxidative heterocyclization/alkoxycarbonylation of readily available (2-alkynylbenzylidene)amine derivatives. In particular, (2-alkynylbenzylidene)(tert-butyl)- amines 2 selectively afforded isoquinoline derivatives 3 by N cyclization, whereas N-(2-alkynylbenzylidene)-N-phenylhydrazines 5 led to the formation of isochromenes 4 through O-cyclization ensuing from water attack on theimino group of the substrate. Reactions were carried out inalcoholic solvents at 80–100 °C and under 20–80 atm (at25 °C) of a 4:1 mixture of CO/air, in the presence of PdI2 (2– 10 mol-%) in conjunction with KI (KI/PdI2 molar ratio = 10).In the case of imines 2, the use of a dehydration agent, such as trialkyl orthoformate, was necessary to obtain satisfactory yields of isoquinolines 3.
Alkynes ; Carbonylation; Cyclization; High-pressure chemistry ; Palladium
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/137005
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