Results of laboratory experiments on open channel flow reaeration are presented and commented on. The tests were designed on the basis of the classical dimensional analysis. They were carried out using three 15 m long channels with different cross-sections: 1) 0.5 m wide semi-circular cross-section; 2) 0.4 m wide rectangular cross section; 3) 0.2 m wide rectangular cross-section. The longitudinal bottom slope, the roughness and the flow discharge were varied independently. The disturbed equilibrium approach was adopted within an innovative experimental procedure, i.e. comparing the dissolved oxygen measures acquired in tests without de-oxygenation agent (hereinafter ‘white tests’) with those performed in runs with de-oxygenation agent (‘reaeration tests’). A new relationship between the reaeration coefficient and the hydrodynamic characteristics of an open channel is proposed. The relationship is applicable to a wide range of values of hydraulic characteristics not previously analysed in the literature and typical of small rivers.

Laboratory study on the open channel flow reaeration: a dimensional approach

VELTRI, Paolo
;
FIORINI MOROSINI, Attilio
;
2015

Abstract

Results of laboratory experiments on open channel flow reaeration are presented and commented on. The tests were designed on the basis of the classical dimensional analysis. They were carried out using three 15 m long channels with different cross-sections: 1) 0.5 m wide semi-circular cross-section; 2) 0.4 m wide rectangular cross section; 3) 0.2 m wide rectangular cross-section. The longitudinal bottom slope, the roughness and the flow discharge were varied independently. The disturbed equilibrium approach was adopted within an innovative experimental procedure, i.e. comparing the dissolved oxygen measures acquired in tests without de-oxygenation agent (hereinafter ‘white tests’) with those performed in runs with de-oxygenation agent (‘reaeration tests’). A new relationship between the reaeration coefficient and the hydrodynamic characteristics of an open channel is proposed. The relationship is applicable to a wide range of values of hydraulic characteristics not previously analysed in the literature and typical of small rivers.
reareation; dimensional analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/139139
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