The progressive dissolution of metabasalts and serpentinites hosting the shallow aquifer of Mt. Reventino was simulated by means of the EQ3/6 software package, version 8.0, adopting both the Ideal Solid Solution Approach (ISSA) and the Double Solid Reactant Method (DSRM), which provided comparable results. A detailed field and laboratory work was performed on rock samples and local groundwaters to constrain and validate reaction path modelling. The prevalence of Ca-HCO3 over Mg-HCO3 compositions suggests that groundwaters interact chiefly with metabasalts and secondarily with the less abundant and less permeable serpentinites. The most important and active Cr source is a tremolite-rich amphibole, whose role as supplier of dissolved Cr was rarely recognized in previous studies carried out in areas where ophiolitic rocks crop out. Speciation calculations indicate that hexavalent dissolved Cr is mainly present as chromate ion, followed by the neutral complexes CaCrO4° (14-32 mol%) and MgCrO4° (2-12 mol%), which are more mobile and more bio-available than charged solutes. All dissolved trace elements are supplied to shallow groundwaters by gradual dissolution of local rocks and, therefore, contributions linked to anthropogenic pollution can be ruled out.

Investigation of rock-to-water release and fate of major, minor, and trace elements in the metabasalt-serpentinite shallow aquifer of Mt. Reventino (CZ, Italy) by reaction path modelling

APOLLARO, Carmine;BARCA, Donatella;BLOISE, Andrea;DE ROSA, Rosanna;MIRIELLO, DOMENICO
2011-01-01

Abstract

The progressive dissolution of metabasalts and serpentinites hosting the shallow aquifer of Mt. Reventino was simulated by means of the EQ3/6 software package, version 8.0, adopting both the Ideal Solid Solution Approach (ISSA) and the Double Solid Reactant Method (DSRM), which provided comparable results. A detailed field and laboratory work was performed on rock samples and local groundwaters to constrain and validate reaction path modelling. The prevalence of Ca-HCO3 over Mg-HCO3 compositions suggests that groundwaters interact chiefly with metabasalts and secondarily with the less abundant and less permeable serpentinites. The most important and active Cr source is a tremolite-rich amphibole, whose role as supplier of dissolved Cr was rarely recognized in previous studies carried out in areas where ophiolitic rocks crop out. Speciation calculations indicate that hexavalent dissolved Cr is mainly present as chromate ion, followed by the neutral complexes CaCrO4° (14-32 mol%) and MgCrO4° (2-12 mol%), which are more mobile and more bio-available than charged solutes. All dissolved trace elements are supplied to shallow groundwaters by gradual dissolution of local rocks and, therefore, contributions linked to anthropogenic pollution can be ruled out.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/139750
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