Dimethylglycine dehydrogenase (Me(2)GlyDH) is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative demethylation of dimethylglycine to sarcosine. The enzyme requires flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), which is covalently bound to the apoprotein via a histidyl(N3)-(8alpha)FAD linkage. In the present study, the mature form of rat Me(2)GlyDH has been over-expressed in Escherichia coli as an N-terminally 6-His-tagged fusion protein. The over-expressed protein distributed almost equally between the soluble and insoluble (inclusion bodies) cell fraction. By applying the soluble cell lysate to a nickel-chelating column, two fractions were eluted, both containing a nearly homogeneous protein with a molecular mass of 93 kDa, on SDS-PAGE. The first protein fraction was identified by Western blotting analysis as the covalently flavinylated Me(2)GlyDH. It showed optical properties and specific activity (240 nmol/min/mg protein) similar to those of the native holoenzyme. The second fraction was identified as an underflavinylated (apo-) form of Me2GIyDH, with a 70% lower specific activity. The recombinant holoenzyme exhibited optimal activity at pH 8.5, an activation energy of about 80 kJ/mol, and two K-M values for N,N-dimethylglycine (K-M1 = 0.05 mM and K-M2 = 9.4 mM), as described for the native holoenzyme. Starting from the inclusion bodies, the unfolded flavinylated enzyme was solubilized by SDS treatment and refolded by an 80-fold dilution step, with a reactivation yield of 50-60%. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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|Titolo:||Over-expression in Escherichia coli, functional characterization and refolding of rat dimethylglycine dehydrogenase|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|