The time variability of the cosmic ray (CR) intensity, recorded by the Climax neutronmonitor and covering the period 1953–2004, has been analyzed by the joint application of the wavelet and the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) analyses. Dominant time scales of variability are found at ∼11 yr, ∼22 yr, ∼6 yr and in the range of the quasi-biennial oscillations (QBOs). The combination of the 11 yr cycle and QBOs explains the Gnevychev Gap (GG) phenomenon and many step-like decreases characterizing the CR modulation. The additional scales of variability at ∼22 yr and ∼6 yr are responsible for other features of the long-term CR trend, such as the intensity flat-topped profile, following the maxima of even-numbered cycles during positive polarity state of the heliosphere (A > 0). Comparison with basic time scales of variability derived from the sunspot area (SA) allows the association of the 11 yr cycle and QBOs with solar activity variations, whereas the other two modes with the drift effects govern the CR entrance in the heliosphere.
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|Titolo:||New Insights on Cosmic RayModulation through a Joint Use of Nonstationary Data-ProcessingMethods|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Citazione:||New Insights on Cosmic RayModulation through a Joint Use of Nonstationary Data-ProcessingMethods / Vecchio, A.; Laurenza, M.; Storini, M.; Carbone, Vincenzo. - In: ADVANCES IN ASTRONOMY. - ISSN 1687-7969. - 2012(2012), pp. 834247.1-834247.9.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|