The xenoestrogen bisphenol A, a contaminant used in the manufacturing of polymers for many consumer products, has been shown tomimic estrogenic actions. This xenoestrogen regulates secretion and expression of pituitary lactotrophs plus morphological and structuralfeatures of estrogen target tissues in rodents. Recently, ecological hazards produced by bisphenol A have drawn interests towards the effects of this environmental chemical on neurobiological functions of aquatic vertebrates of which little is known. In this study, the effects of bisphenol A on the distribution of the biologically more active somatostatin receptor subtypes in diencephalic regions of the teleost fish Coris julis were assessed using nonpeptide agonists (L-779, 976 and L-817, 818) that are highly selective for subtype2 and subtype5, respectively. BisphenolA proved to be responsible for highly significant increased binding levels of subtype2 in hypothalamic areas, while markedly decreased levels of subtype5 were found in these diencephalic areas, as well as in the medial preglomerular nucleus. The extensive distribution of somatostatinreceptor subtype2 and subtype5 in the teleost diencephalic areas suggests that, like in mammals, this receptor system may not only be involvedin enhanced hypophysiotropic neurohormonal functions but might also promote neuroplasticity events.

Effects of the xenoestrogen bisphenol A in diencephalic regions of the teleost fish Coris julis occur preferentially via distinct somatostatin receptor subtypes

ALO', Raffaella;FACCIOLO, Rosa Maria;CARELLI, Antonio;CANONACO, Marcello
2005

Abstract

The xenoestrogen bisphenol A, a contaminant used in the manufacturing of polymers for many consumer products, has been shown tomimic estrogenic actions. This xenoestrogen regulates secretion and expression of pituitary lactotrophs plus morphological and structuralfeatures of estrogen target tissues in rodents. Recently, ecological hazards produced by bisphenol A have drawn interests towards the effects of this environmental chemical on neurobiological functions of aquatic vertebrates of which little is known. In this study, the effects of bisphenol A on the distribution of the biologically more active somatostatin receptor subtypes in diencephalic regions of the teleost fish Coris julis were assessed using nonpeptide agonists (L-779, 976 and L-817, 818) that are highly selective for subtype2 and subtype5, respectively. BisphenolA proved to be responsible for highly significant increased binding levels of subtype2 in hypothalamic areas, while markedly decreased levels of subtype5 were found in these diencephalic areas, as well as in the medial preglomerular nucleus. The extensive distribution of somatostatinreceptor subtype2 and subtype5 in the teleost diencephalic areas suggests that, like in mammals, this receptor system may not only be involvedin enhanced hypophysiotropic neurohormonal functions but might also promote neuroplasticity events.
Aquatic vertebrates; Environmental estrogens; Nonpeptide agonists; Hypothalamus; Thalamus
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/141237
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