The insertion of damped braces proves to be very effective for enhancing the performance of a framed building under seismic loads. For a widespread application of this technique suitable design procedures are needed. In this paper a design procedure which aims to proportion damped braces to attain a designated performance level of the structure, for a specific level of seismic intensity, is proposed. In particular, a proportional stiffness criterion, which assumes the elastic lateral storey-stiffness due to the braces proportional to that of the unbraced frame, is combined with the displacement-based design, in which the design starts from a target deformation. To check the effectiveness and reliability of the design procedure, a six-storey reinforced concrete plane frame, representative of a medium-rise symmetric framed building, is considered as primary structure. This, designed in a mediumrisk seismic region, has to be retrofitted as in a high-risk seismic region by the insertion of braces equipped with either metallic-yielding dampers or viscoelastic ones. Nonlinear dynamic analyses of unbraced and damped braced frames are carried out, under real (set A) and artificially generated (set B) ground motions, by a step-by-step procedure. Frame members and hysteretic dampers are idealized by bilinear models, while the viscoelastic dampers are idealized by a six-element generalized model describing the variation of the mechanical properties depending on the frequency, at a given temperature.
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|Titolo:||Displacement-based design procedure of damped braces for the seismic retrofitting of r.c. framed buildings|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2015|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|