Purpose – This paper aims to answer the following research questions: To what extent do banks use credit derivatives (CDs)? What are the differences between users and non-users? What are the main underlying motivations? Design/methodology/approach – The annual reports of 112 Italian banks are analysed during the 2005-2011period.Byestimatingaprobit regressionmodel,twoincentives forusingCDare tested:managingcredit risk, and increasing a bank’s income composition/diversification. Different sub-samples are considered. The motivations are further investigated to understand whether they vary before and after the crisis. Findings – Alimited number of banks use CD and larger and listed banks are more likely to do so. The results do not support the hedging hypothesis. Signals pointing towards the financial distress hypothesis emerge. Less capitalised banks are more likely to use CD. For listed banks, the findings support the hypothesis that economies of scale exist. After the financial crisis, a number of determinants tend to gain significance, and a speculative driver emerges. Originality/value – Previous studies focus primarily on the USA, and single-country studies do not exist in the literature. Given the importance of risk management that the crisis has reinforced, investigating whether CD use has changed before and after the crisis is of interest. Given the incompleteness of the information on CDs, the paper contributes to increasing the available information on CDs by hand-collecting data from banks’ financial statements.
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|Titolo:||The use and determinants of credit derivatives in Italian banks|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|