We show how to induce pairing of Cooper pairs (and, thus, 4e superconductivity) as a result of local embedding of a quantum impurity in a Josephson network fabricable with conventional junctions. We find that a boundary double sine-Gordon model provides an accurate description of the dc Josephson current patterns, as well as of the stable phases accessible to the network. We point out that tunneling of pairs of Cooper pairs is robust against quantum fluctuations, as a consequence of the time reversal invariance, arising when the central region of the network is pierced by a dimensionless magnetic flux = . We find that, for =, a stable attractive finite coupling fixed point emerges and point out its relevance for engineering a two-level quantum system with enhanced coherence.

Pairing of Cooper pairs in a Josephson junction network containing an impurity

GIULIANO, Domenico;
2009

Abstract

We show how to induce pairing of Cooper pairs (and, thus, 4e superconductivity) as a result of local embedding of a quantum impurity in a Josephson network fabricable with conventional junctions. We find that a boundary double sine-Gordon model provides an accurate description of the dc Josephson current patterns, as well as of the stable phases accessible to the network. We point out that tunneling of pairs of Cooper pairs is robust against quantum fluctuations, as a consequence of the time reversal invariance, arising when the central region of the network is pierced by a dimensionless magnetic flux = . We find that, for =, a stable attractive finite coupling fixed point emerges and point out its relevance for engineering a two-level quantum system with enhanced coherence.
Nonconventional mechanisms; Josephson junction arrays and wire networks; Spin chain models
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/143062
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