Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent formulation of DFT (TDDFT) have been used to explore the antioxidant and absorption properties, respectively of naturally occurring cinnamic acids, caffeic and ferulic acids, and some derivatives recently synthesized from a structural modification of the ethylenic spacer between the aromatic ring and the carboxylic functionality. The main mechanisms proposed in the literature for the antioxidant action of polyphenols as radical scavengers, that are hydrogen atom transfer (HAT), electron transfer followed by proton transfer (SET-PT), and sequential proton loss electron transfer (SPLET), were discussed in details. From the outcomes the HAT mechanism results to be the most probable one for the antioxidant action of this class of compounds. The simulated UV–Vis spectra are characterized by a broad band centered around 340 and 380 nm for naturally occurring and synthesized compounds, respectively, generated by a H → L electronic transition. The absorption spectra of natural antioxidants are in good agreement with the experimental counterpart, supporting the reliability of the spectra computed at TDDFT level of theory also for the derivatives. One of the derivative has been identified as the most promising candidate as antioxidant. Accordingly, our calculations encourage the synthesis of derivatives arising from ad-hoc structural modifications which could improve the antioxidant properties.

Antioxidant Properties Comparative Study of Natural Hydroxycinnamic Acids and Structurally Modified Derivatives: Computational Insights

Mazzone G;RUSSO, Nino;TOSCANO, Marirosa
2016

Abstract

Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent formulation of DFT (TDDFT) have been used to explore the antioxidant and absorption properties, respectively of naturally occurring cinnamic acids, caffeic and ferulic acids, and some derivatives recently synthesized from a structural modification of the ethylenic spacer between the aromatic ring and the carboxylic functionality. The main mechanisms proposed in the literature for the antioxidant action of polyphenols as radical scavengers, that are hydrogen atom transfer (HAT), electron transfer followed by proton transfer (SET-PT), and sequential proton loss electron transfer (SPLET), were discussed in details. From the outcomes the HAT mechanism results to be the most probable one for the antioxidant action of this class of compounds. The simulated UV–Vis spectra are characterized by a broad band centered around 340 and 380 nm for naturally occurring and synthesized compounds, respectively, generated by a H → L electronic transition. The absorption spectra of natural antioxidants are in good agreement with the experimental counterpart, supporting the reliability of the spectra computed at TDDFT level of theory also for the derivatives. One of the derivative has been identified as the most promising candidate as antioxidant. Accordingly, our calculations encourage the synthesis of derivatives arising from ad-hoc structural modifications which could improve the antioxidant properties.
Hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives ; DFT Antioxidant mechanisms; UV–Vis characterization
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/143151
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