In the previous paper of this issue, [Celebre, G.; Ionescu, A. J. Phys. Chem. B doi: 10.1021/jp907310g], following a generalized reaction field approach in the linear response approximation, we were successful in obtaining an analytical compact expression for the mean-field anisotropic orientational potential UQ-EFG theoretically experienced by a highly idealized nonionic and apolar solute, considered as a point quadrupole immersed in a uniaxial polarizable continuum medium (model of a nematic solvent comprised of dipolar mesogenic molecules). The term UQ-EFG describes the electrostatic interaction between the electric quadrupole of the solute and the electric field gradient induced at the solute by the surrounding medium polarized by the distribution of electric charges representing the quadrupolar solute itself. In the present paper, the obtained potential has been considered as an additional orientational interaction contributing to the solute ordering, besides the well-recognized and very effective “short-range” (size-and-shape-dictated) mechanisms. Since in our theory the solvent is characterized by its dielectric tensor, the model has been widely tested by taking as references the experimental order parameters of several uniaxial and biaxial different small rigid probe molecules (H2, N2, acetylene, allene, propyne, benzene, hexafluorobenzene, 1,4-difluorobenzene, and norbornadiene) dissolved in the nematic solvents ZLI1132 (Δε . 0) and EBBA (Δε < 0); moreover, the order parameters of the same solutes in the so-called nematic “magic mixture” (45 wt % EBBA + 55 wt % ZLI1132), where the short-range orientational effects are commonly believed to be very dominant, have been conventionally assumed as reference of the absence of electrostatic orientational effects. The experimental order parameters of the treated solutes, obtained in the past by liquid crystal NMR and available from literature, have been then compared with those theoretically predicted by our theoretical approach in order to obtain useful hints about two basic points, (a) the real physical nature of the interactions (other than the “size-and-shape”) involved in the orientational mechanisms and (b) the conceptual effectiveness of the suggested mean-field approach in describing this kind of phenomena. Successes and failures of the approach in the predictions are discussed at length, along with their possible reasons and implications.
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|Titolo:||Orientational Mechanisms in Liquid Crystalline Systems. 2. The Contribution to Solute Ordering from the Reaction Field Interaction between the Solute Electric Quadrupole Moment and the Solvent Electric Field Gradient|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|