In this paper the impact induced by bridges on the river flow is studied applying 1-D and 2-D unsteady flow models. Both the models are based on the Shallow Water Equations written in conservative form and solved with upwind schemes. In particular, the effect of the bridges on the flow behavior simulated by the models are discussed from a practical point of view, with reference to the longitudinal and cross-section water surface profiles. Two cases characterized by bridges orthogonal to the flow are presented. The bridges are located in almost rectilinear river reaches whose cross-sections are confined by vertical artificial walls. Therefore, these cases represent typical situations for which 1-D approach should be recommended. However, the analysis of the results highlights two-dimensional features of the river flow that might influence the flood hazard assessment.

Comparison of Scenarios with and without Bridges and Analysis of Backwater Effect in 1-D and 2-D River Flood Modeling

COSTABILE, Pierfranco;MACCHIONE, Francesco;
2015-01-01

Abstract

In this paper the impact induced by bridges on the river flow is studied applying 1-D and 2-D unsteady flow models. Both the models are based on the Shallow Water Equations written in conservative form and solved with upwind schemes. In particular, the effect of the bridges on the flow behavior simulated by the models are discussed from a practical point of view, with reference to the longitudinal and cross-section water surface profiles. Two cases characterized by bridges orthogonal to the flow are presented. The bridges are located in almost rectilinear river reaches whose cross-sections are confined by vertical artificial walls. Therefore, these cases represent typical situations for which 1-D approach should be recommended. However, the analysis of the results highlights two-dimensional features of the river flow that might influence the flood hazard assessment.
2015
Bridges; Flow Propagation; Shallow Water Equations
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/144525
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