Hybrid nanomaterial based on the combination between a 2D silicate structure of a smectic clay (SWy) and 1D structures of carbon nanotubes has been synthesized and used as additive in the polymer matrix of Nafion for the preparation of electrolyte nanocomposite membranes. The CNTs anchored on the clay’s lamellae were subsequently oxidized and organo-functionalized by sulphonic groups. The hybrid membranes have been tested in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) and studied by NMR spectroscopy (pulse field gradient technique and relaxation times), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and SEM microscopy. The study of the molecular dynamics of methanol and protons, as well as the tests in the DMFC, shows the effectiveness of these “branched particles” for the reduction of the methanol crossover, whilst ensuring appropriate proton conductivity, especially in conditions of low humidity and high temperature (>100 °C).

Reduced methanol crossover and enhanced proton transport in nanocomposite membranes based on clay−CNTs hybrid materials for direct methanol fuel cells

Simari C;AGOSTINO, Raffaele Giuseppe;Coppola L;OLIVIERO ROSSI, Cesare;NICOTERA, ISABELLA
2017

Abstract

Hybrid nanomaterial based on the combination between a 2D silicate structure of a smectic clay (SWy) and 1D structures of carbon nanotubes has been synthesized and used as additive in the polymer matrix of Nafion for the preparation of electrolyte nanocomposite membranes. The CNTs anchored on the clay’s lamellae were subsequently oxidized and organo-functionalized by sulphonic groups. The hybrid membranes have been tested in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs) and studied by NMR spectroscopy (pulse field gradient technique and relaxation times), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and SEM microscopy. The study of the molecular dynamics of methanol and protons, as well as the tests in the DMFC, shows the effectiveness of these “branched particles” for the reduction of the methanol crossover, whilst ensuring appropriate proton conductivity, especially in conditions of low humidity and high temperature (>100 °C).
Clay–CNTs; Nanocomposites; PFG-NMR
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/145067
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