Five bis(oxamato)palladate(II) complexes of the formulae (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Fpma)2](1), (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Clpma)2](2), (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Brpma)2](3), (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Brpma)2]·H2O (3a), (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-MeOpma)2](4) and (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Isopma)2] (5) (n-Bu4N+ = tetra-n-butylammonium, 4-Fpma = N-4-fluorophenyloxamate,4-Clpma = N-4-chlorophenyloxamate, 4-Brpma = N-4-bromophenyloxamate, 4-MeOpma =N-4-methoxyphenyloxamate and 4-isopma = N-4-isopropylphenyloxamate) have been easily preparedand characterized by spectroscopic methods and the crystal structures of two of them (3a and 4) havebeen determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Each palladium(II) ion in 3a and 4 is four-coordinatewith two oxygen and two nitrogen atoms from two fully deprotonated oxamate ligands building a centrosymmetricsquare planar PdN2O2 surrounding. The values of the Pd–N and Pd–O bond lengths vary in the ranges 2.034(3)–2.043(4) and 1.999(4)–2.013(3) Å, respectively. The reduced bite of the chelating oxamate ligands [81.3(2)–81.7(1) (3a) and 81.61(7)° (4)] is at the origin of the mean distortion of the ideal square environment. The catalytic role of compounds 1–5 as structurally well-defined precatalysts for theHeck-vinylation of a series of aryl iodide/bromide derivatives in n-Bu4NBr as a benign nonaqueous ionicliquid (i.d. molten salt) has been examined and compared with some commercially available palladium(II/0)complexes. From this study, it appears that the oxamate-containing precatalysts 1–5 are not just ecologicallybenign, but also highly efficient, easily recoverable and reusable at least eight times without any relevant loss of catalytic activity or leaching from the ionic liquid medium

Bis(N-substituted oxamate)palladate(II) complexes as effective catalysts for sustainable Heck carbon–carbon coupling reactions in n-Bu4NBr as the solvent

Nadia Marino;ARMENTANO, Donatella
;
DE MUNNO, Giovanni;
2015

Abstract

Five bis(oxamato)palladate(II) complexes of the formulae (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Fpma)2](1), (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Clpma)2](2), (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Brpma)2](3), (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Brpma)2]·H2O (3a), (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-MeOpma)2](4) and (n-Bu4N)2[Pd(4-Isopma)2] (5) (n-Bu4N+ = tetra-n-butylammonium, 4-Fpma = N-4-fluorophenyloxamate,4-Clpma = N-4-chlorophenyloxamate, 4-Brpma = N-4-bromophenyloxamate, 4-MeOpma =N-4-methoxyphenyloxamate and 4-isopma = N-4-isopropylphenyloxamate) have been easily preparedand characterized by spectroscopic methods and the crystal structures of two of them (3a and 4) havebeen determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Each palladium(II) ion in 3a and 4 is four-coordinatewith two oxygen and two nitrogen atoms from two fully deprotonated oxamate ligands building a centrosymmetricsquare planar PdN2O2 surrounding. The values of the Pd–N and Pd–O bond lengths vary in the ranges 2.034(3)–2.043(4) and 1.999(4)–2.013(3) Å, respectively. The reduced bite of the chelating oxamate ligands [81.3(2)–81.7(1) (3a) and 81.61(7)° (4)] is at the origin of the mean distortion of the ideal square environment. The catalytic role of compounds 1–5 as structurally well-defined precatalysts for theHeck-vinylation of a series of aryl iodide/bromide derivatives in n-Bu4NBr as a benign nonaqueous ionicliquid (i.d. molten salt) has been examined and compared with some commercially available palladium(II/0)complexes. From this study, it appears that the oxamate-containing precatalysts 1–5 are not just ecologicallybenign, but also highly efficient, easily recoverable and reusable at least eight times without any relevant loss of catalytic activity or leaching from the ionic liquid medium
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/145076
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