Naloxone, added after contractions induced by CCK-8 on the guinea pig ileum preparation, elicited a contraction attributed to the release of endogenous opioid which could inhibit the excitatory action of the peptide. With large concentrations of CCK-8, the preparation gave reproducible responses with time. Naloxone, added before the peptide, protracted the excitatory response to CCK-8, but not its height. Morphine decreased the response to CCK-8 but simultaneously raised the response to naloxone. The latter effect appeared very similar to the withdrawal contraction observed after brief exposure of the opioid in the guinea pig ileum to opioids. Clonidine, and alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist, and nifedipine, a calcium channel antagonist, both known to interfere with tolerance and physical dependence, affected the excitatory response to CCK-8 and the subsequent response to naloxone in a different way.
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|Titolo:||Some pharmacological characteristics of the guinea pig ileum opioid system activated by cholecystokinin.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Citazione:||Some pharmacological characteristics of the guinea pig ileum opioid system activated by cholecystokinin. / Valeri, P; Morrone, Luigi Antonio; Pimpinella, G; Romanelli, L.. - In: NEUROPHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0028-3908. - 29:3(1990), pp. 231-236.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|