Samples of the lichen Pseudevernia furfuracea (L.) Zopf collected from an unpolluted area were trans-planted for 3 months at 60 sites around a cement factory in S Italy and then analysed by ICP-MS fortheir Al, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na and V contents. These elements have the highest emission factors duringcement production. Data were processed using both univariate and multivariate statistics, i.e. ANOVA,Bray–Curtis analysis and multi-response permutation procedure (MRPP). All these elements accumu-lated in the transplanted lichens, with Ca being the most abundant element. The Bray–Curtis analysisidentified 10 groups of sites along axis 1, which accounted for 88.5% of the total variance. The MRPPresults supported the results of the Bray–Curtis analysis. The groups at the two ends of axis 1 were thoseleast affected (group 10) and most affected (group 1) by air pollutants from the cement factory. In viewof the element concentrations measured in group 10, it was considered an “internal control” and thencompared to the other groups to detect statistically significant differences (ANOVA). This data analysisrevealed spatial trends suggesting that the cement factory contributed to the Fe, Al and V enrichment inthe exposed lichens. Moreover, the sites in group 10 showed values comparable to or even lower thanthose of unexposed samples for all elements except vanadium, further supporting this element’s role inair pollution monitoring.
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|Titolo:||Element concentrations in the Lichen Pseudevernia furfuracea (L.) Zopf transplanted around a cement factory (S Italy)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2014|
|Citazione:||Element concentrations in the Lichen Pseudevernia furfuracea (L.) Zopf transplanted around a cement factory (S Italy) / Gallo, Luana; Corapi, A; Loppi, S; Lucadamo, Lucio. - In: ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS. - ISSN 1470-160X. - 46(2014), pp. 566-574.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|