An experimental study on enzymatic transesterification was performed to produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oils.Lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia was covalently immobilized on a epoxy–acrylic resin support. The immobilized enzyme exhibited high catalytic specific surface and allowed an easy recovery, regeneration and reutilisation of biocatalyst.Waste vegetable oils – such as frying oils, considered not competitive with food applications and wastes to be treated – were used as a source of glycerides. Ethanol was used as a short chain alcohol and was added in three steps with the aim to reduce its inhibitory effect on lipase activity.The effect of biocatalyst/substrate feed mass ratios and the waste oil quality have been investigated in order to estimate the process performances. Biocatalyst recovery and reuse have been also studied with the aim to verify the stability of the biocatalyst for its application in industrial scale.

Enzymatic transesterification of waste vegetable oil to produce biodiesel

Lopresto CG
;
Chakraborty S;CURCIO, Stefano;CALABRO', Vincenza
2015

Abstract

An experimental study on enzymatic transesterification was performed to produce biodiesel from waste vegetable oils.Lipase from Pseudomonas cepacia was covalently immobilized on a epoxy–acrylic resin support. The immobilized enzyme exhibited high catalytic specific surface and allowed an easy recovery, regeneration and reutilisation of biocatalyst.Waste vegetable oils – such as frying oils, considered not competitive with food applications and wastes to be treated – were used as a source of glycerides. Ethanol was used as a short chain alcohol and was added in three steps with the aim to reduce its inhibitory effect on lipase activity.The effect of biocatalyst/substrate feed mass ratios and the waste oil quality have been investigated in order to estimate the process performances. Biocatalyst recovery and reuse have been also studied with the aim to verify the stability of the biocatalyst for its application in industrial scale.
Biodiesel
Waste vegetable oil
Enzymatic transesterification
Immobilized lipase
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/146835
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