The dc Josephson current across a multichannel superconductor–normal-superconductor (SNS) junction is computed by summing contributions from subgap Andreev bound states, as well as from continuum statespropagating within the superconducting leads. We show that, in a long multichannel SNS junction, at low temperatures, all these contributions add up, so that the current can be entirely expressed in terms of single-particle normal and Andreev reflection amplitudes at the Fermi level at both SN interfaces. Our derivation applies to a generic number of channels in the normal region and/or in the superconducting leads, without assumptions aboutscattering processes at theSNinterfaces: if the channels within the central region have the same dispersion relation,it leads to simple analytical formulas for the current at low temperatures; if the channels within the central region have different dispersion relations, it allows for expressing the current in terms of a simple integral involving onlyscattering amplitudes at the Fermi level. Our result motivates using a low-energy effective boundary Hamiltonianformalism for computing the current, which is crucial for treating Luttinger liquid interaction effects.

dc Josephson current in a long multichannel quantum wire

GIULIANO, Domenico
;
2014-01-01

Abstract

The dc Josephson current across a multichannel superconductor–normal-superconductor (SNS) junction is computed by summing contributions from subgap Andreev bound states, as well as from continuum statespropagating within the superconducting leads. We show that, in a long multichannel SNS junction, at low temperatures, all these contributions add up, so that the current can be entirely expressed in terms of single-particle normal and Andreev reflection amplitudes at the Fermi level at both SN interfaces. Our derivation applies to a generic number of channels in the normal region and/or in the superconducting leads, without assumptions aboutscattering processes at theSNinterfaces: if the channels within the central region have the same dispersion relation,it leads to simple analytical formulas for the current at low temperatures; if the channels within the central region have different dispersion relations, it allows for expressing the current in terms of a simple integral involving onlyscattering amplitudes at the Fermi level. Our result motivates using a low-energy effective boundary Hamiltonianformalism for computing the current, which is crucial for treating Luttinger liquid interaction effects.
2014
Quantum wire; Josephson junction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/149773
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