The catecholamine release-inhibitory catestatin [Cts; human chromogranin (Cg) A(352-372), bovine CgA(344-364)] is a vasoreactive and anti-hypertensive peptide derived from CgA. Using the isolated avascular frog heart as a bioassay, in which the interactions between the endocardial endothelium and the subjacent myocardium can be studied without the confounding effects of the vascular endothelium, we tested the direct cardiotropic effects of bovine Cts and its interaction with beta-adrenergic (isoproterenol, ISO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) signaling. Cts dose-dependently decreased stroke volume and stroke work, with a threshold concentration of 11 nM, approaching the in vivo level of the peptide. Cts reduced contractility by inhibiting phosphorylation of phospholamban (PLN). Furthermore, the Cts effect was abolished by pretreatment with either nitric oxide synthase (N-G-monomethyl-L-arginine) or guanylate cyclase (ODQ) inhibitors, or an ETB receptor (ETBR) antagonist (BQ-788). Cts also noncompetitively inhibited the positive inotropic action of ISO. In addition, Cts inhibited the positive inotropic effect of ET-1, mediated by ETA receptors, and did not alter the negative inotropic ET-1 influence mediated by ETBR. Cts action through ETBR was further suggested when, in the presence of BQ-788, Cts failed to inhibit the positive inotropism of both ISO and ET-1 stimulation and PLN phosphorylation. We concluded that the cardiotropic actions of Cts, including the beta-adrenergic and ET-1 antagonistic effects, support a novel role of this peptide as an autocrine-paracrine modulator of cardiac function, particularly when the stressed heart becomes a preferential target of both adrenergic and ET-1 stimuli.

Catestatin (chromogranin A 344-364) is a novel cardiosuppressive agent: inhibition of isoproterenol and endothelin signaling in the frog heart

MAZZA R;GATTUSO, Alfonsina;
2008

Abstract

The catecholamine release-inhibitory catestatin [Cts; human chromogranin (Cg) A(352-372), bovine CgA(344-364)] is a vasoreactive and anti-hypertensive peptide derived from CgA. Using the isolated avascular frog heart as a bioassay, in which the interactions between the endocardial endothelium and the subjacent myocardium can be studied without the confounding effects of the vascular endothelium, we tested the direct cardiotropic effects of bovine Cts and its interaction with beta-adrenergic (isoproterenol, ISO) and endothelin-1 (ET-1) signaling. Cts dose-dependently decreased stroke volume and stroke work, with a threshold concentration of 11 nM, approaching the in vivo level of the peptide. Cts reduced contractility by inhibiting phosphorylation of phospholamban (PLN). Furthermore, the Cts effect was abolished by pretreatment with either nitric oxide synthase (N-G-monomethyl-L-arginine) or guanylate cyclase (ODQ) inhibitors, or an ETB receptor (ETBR) antagonist (BQ-788). Cts also noncompetitively inhibited the positive inotropic action of ISO. In addition, Cts inhibited the positive inotropic effect of ET-1, mediated by ETA receptors, and did not alter the negative inotropic ET-1 influence mediated by ETBR. Cts action through ETBR was further suggested when, in the presence of BQ-788, Cts failed to inhibit the positive inotropism of both ISO and ET-1 stimulation and PLN phosphorylation. We concluded that the cardiotropic actions of Cts, including the beta-adrenergic and ET-1 antagonistic effects, support a novel role of this peptide as an autocrine-paracrine modulator of cardiac function, particularly when the stressed heart becomes a preferential target of both adrenergic and ET-1 stimuli.
myocardial contractility; avascular heart; endocardial endothelium
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/150529
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