In the present work, a variety of fragments of frescoes coming from the Villa dei Quintili in Rome (Italy) and dating back to the II century A.D. were subjected to, first of all, an X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis by optimizing a portable spectrometer for non-destructive investigation in the field of cultural heritage. The innovative aspect is the ability to obtain coloured maps referring to the distribution and concentration of elements present in the sample. Other than characterization, the aim was to improve the technique for non-invasive and fast in situ analysis. It has been performed, in conjunction with portable Raman analysis, at the ruins of the Villa dei Quintili on samples of different typologies including pottery, statues and frescoes, dating back to the II/III century A.D., different in colour, support and shape. From the results, the identification of the main pigmenting agents is attempted, providing the group of archaeologists in the villa with extremely valuable information for their work too. In particular, by comparing the XRF results for frescoes analysed in the laboratory, taken from the warehouse of the villa, and XRF and Raman data of frescoes analysed in situ, for which the provenance area inside the villa was known, the context of excavation and the manufacture process for some of the former has been hypothesized.
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|Titolo:||Handheld XRF and Raman equipment for the in situ investigation of Roman finds in the Villa dei Quintili (Rome, Italy)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2017|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|