Vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs) represent a particular mobile technology that permits communication between vehicles, offering security and comfort. Nowadays, distributed mobile wireless computing is becoming a very important communication paradigm, due to its flexibility to adapt to different mobile applications. In this work, an interference aware metric is proposed in order to reduce the level of interference between each pair of nodes at the MAC and routing layer. In particular, this metric with a prediction algorithm is proposed to work in a cross-layered MAC and an on-demand routing scheme in multi-radio vehicular networks, wherein each node is equipped with two multi-channel radio interfaces. The proposed metric is based on the maximization of the average signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) level of the connection between source and destination. In order to relieve the effects of the cochannel interference perceived by mobile nodes, transmission channels are switched on a basis of a periodical SIR evaluation. Our solution has been integrated with an on-demand routing scheme but it can be applied to other routing strategies. Three on-demand interference aware routing schemes integrating IEEE 802.11p Multi-channel MAC have been tested to assess the benefits of the novel metric applied to a vehicular context. NS-3 has been used for implementing and testing the proposed idea, and significant performance improvements were obtained: in particular, the proposed policy has resulted in an enhancement of network performance in terms of throughput and packet delivery ratio.
DE RANGO, Floriano
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