The article focuses on the measurement of a relevant component of the human capital, the managerial ability (MA).Quantifying MA is central to management literature. Prior research indicates that manager specific features (ability,talent, reputation, or style) affect economic outcomes but, in management literature, most of the measures used inarchival research also reflect significant aspects of the firm that are outside of management’s control. The article aimsto find a measure, better than existing ones, which allows distinguishing the effect of the manager from the effect ofthe firm in creating firm value. The article uses the “two-stage SFA-DEA” approach, in which both Stochastic FrontierApproach (SFA) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) are used to estimate the efficiency scores firms adopt toderive a measure of MA. The idea is to obtain a measure of MA as a residue of the inefficiency equation of SFAand to use it as a new input to insert in the “second/third” DEA stage. Italian banks have been chosen as the sampleto investigate and implement the model. The differences in results with or without this new MA measure provideevidence of the existence of this contribution. The originality of the article consists in the proposition of a new modelto measure MA, which outperforms the alternative measures, simple to use as it is based on easily obtainable financialdata and available for a broad cross section of firms, so opening the door to a wide array of studies previously difficult to conduct.

Measuring Managerial Ability Using a Two-stage SFA-DEA Approach

VELTRI, Stefania
;
D'Orio G;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The article focuses on the measurement of a relevant component of the human capital, the managerial ability (MA).Quantifying MA is central to management literature. Prior research indicates that manager specific features (ability,talent, reputation, or style) affect economic outcomes but, in management literature, most of the measures used inarchival research also reflect significant aspects of the firm that are outside of management’s control. The article aimsto find a measure, better than existing ones, which allows distinguishing the effect of the manager from the effect ofthe firm in creating firm value. The article uses the “two-stage SFA-DEA” approach, in which both Stochastic FrontierApproach (SFA) and Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) are used to estimate the efficiency scores firms adopt toderive a measure of MA. The idea is to obtain a measure of MA as a residue of the inefficiency equation of SFAand to use it as a new input to insert in the “second/third” DEA stage. Italian banks have been chosen as the sampleto investigate and implement the model. The differences in results with or without this new MA measure provideevidence of the existence of this contribution. The originality of the article consists in the proposition of a new modelto measure MA, which outperforms the alternative measures, simple to use as it is based on easily obtainable financialdata and available for a broad cross section of firms, so opening the door to a wide array of studies previously difficult to conduct.
Managerial ability; DEA; Italian banks
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/154416
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