Carabus lefebvrei Dejean 1826 is an helicophagous Italian endemic ground beetle that lives in central and south Apennines mountain forests, from lower altitudes to about 1500 m. In ground beetles, no morphofunctional data about immune system is available, even though they are well known both taxonomically and ecologically and they have been often used as indicators of the habitat quality due to their specificity to certain habitat types. In the current investigation the cellular population in the hemolymph of adult and third instar larvae of C. lefebvrei has been characterized by means of light and electron microscopy analysis and phagocytosis assays were performed in vivo by injection of 0.9 mm carboxylate-modified polystyrene latex beads in order to identify the hemocyte types involved in phagocytosis. Four morphotypes of circulating hemocytes were found both in larvae and in adults: prohemocytes, granulocytes, oenocytoids and plasmatocytes. After in vivo artificial non-selfchallenge treatments, C. lefebvrei showed a non-specific immune response involving phagocytosis performed by plasmatocytes, both in adults and in larvae and by oenocitoids in larvae. In untreated animals, the hemocyte type presenting a firm phagocytic activity, the plasmatocytes, presented a percentage significantly higher in larvae than in adults, and after latex beads injections in larvae there was a tendency of significant difference in plasmatocyte percentage compared to controls injected with phosphate saline buffer. We think that these differences could be correlated with the peculiar morphology (less chitinization) and ecology of larval stages that are more sensitive to pathogens than adults.

Circulating hemocytes from larvae and adults of Carabus (Chaetocarabus) Lefebvrei Dejean 1826 (Coleoptera, Carabidae): cell types and their role in phagocytosis after in vivo artificial non-self-challenge

GIGLIO, Anita;
2008

Abstract

Carabus lefebvrei Dejean 1826 is an helicophagous Italian endemic ground beetle that lives in central and south Apennines mountain forests, from lower altitudes to about 1500 m. In ground beetles, no morphofunctional data about immune system is available, even though they are well known both taxonomically and ecologically and they have been often used as indicators of the habitat quality due to their specificity to certain habitat types. In the current investigation the cellular population in the hemolymph of adult and third instar larvae of C. lefebvrei has been characterized by means of light and electron microscopy analysis and phagocytosis assays were performed in vivo by injection of 0.9 mm carboxylate-modified polystyrene latex beads in order to identify the hemocyte types involved in phagocytosis. Four morphotypes of circulating hemocytes were found both in larvae and in adults: prohemocytes, granulocytes, oenocytoids and plasmatocytes. After in vivo artificial non-selfchallenge treatments, C. lefebvrei showed a non-specific immune response involving phagocytosis performed by plasmatocytes, both in adults and in larvae and by oenocitoids in larvae. In untreated animals, the hemocyte type presenting a firm phagocytic activity, the plasmatocytes, presented a percentage significantly higher in larvae than in adults, and after latex beads injections in larvae there was a tendency of significant difference in plasmatocyte percentage compared to controls injected with phosphate saline buffer. We think that these differences could be correlated with the peculiar morphology (less chitinization) and ecology of larval stages that are more sensitive to pathogens than adults.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11770/154605
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